BEND TOOLING INC.:  Rotary-Draw Tube-Bending Tools ~ Die Sets ~ Mandrels ~ Wipers ~ Mandrel-Bending Tools

Formulas

Home | Technical Information | Technical Articles

Encyclopedia | 4-Step Set-Up


Useful Formulas and Tables For Tube Bending

 

As discussed throughout this website, tube-bending is no more a "black art" than any other metal-forming process.  To the extent that shop-floor experience and rules of thumb genuinely remain important keys to successful tube-bending is a consequence of certain bodies of data have yet to be collected about this important manufacturing process rather than anything that is inherently resistant to standardization.  Where solid data is available, the process of tube-bending -- especially the highly controlled rotary-draw method -- is reducible to mathematical equations.

 

Therefore, we have grouped together all of the formulas and tables that are commonly encountered or particularly useful in tube-bending under three sections:  Bending Formulas, Geometric Formulas, and Conversion Formulas.  Much of this information is generally applicable to tube-bending without regard to method, but the focus is upon that mathematical information that is useful in setting up a rotary-draw tube-bending machine.  For instance, under Bending Formulas you will find those equations that are special to rotary-draw tube-bending, such as the calculation for wall factor or the formula for clamp die length.

 

In the Geometric Formulas section are general mathematical equations and geometric principles that are applicable to tube-bending, such as the Pythagorean theorem and standard formulas for calculating stress.  Finally, the Conversion Formulas section contains those formulas and tables useful for translating metric values to English measures and vice versa, nominal pipe designation to true inch and metric values, among other things.

 

Plus we have a special section for Bend Tooling's mandrel and wiper charts.  You can use these tables to specify the proper mandrel and wiper for a given combination of wall factor and "D" of bend.

FORMULAS

BENDING FORMULAS

CONVERSION FORMULAS

GEOMETRIC FORMULAS

MANDREL & WIPER CHARTS


OTHER TECH

INFO LINKS

ENCYCLOPEDIA INTRO

   VOLUME A-B

   VOLUME C-D

   VOLUME E-K

   VOLUME L-N

   VOLUME O-Q

   VOLUME R-S

   VOLUME T-Z

LATEST TECHNICAL ARTICLE

4-STEP SET-UP PROCEDURE

TROUBLESHOOTING


FREE COPY OF "THE ROTARY-DRAW TOOLING GUIDE"

FREE COPY OF THE LATEST BEND TOOLING TECHNICAL BULLETIN

PRODUCT INFORMATION


MAIL TO: Bend Tooling Inc. ~ 1009 Ottawa Avenue, N.W. ~ Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503, U.S.A.

TOLL-FREE (U.S.A. & Canada): 1-800-BTI-TUBE (1-800-284-8823) ~ WORLDWIDE: 616-454-9965

FAX: 616-454-9958 ~ E-MAIL: info@bendtooling.com

INQUIRIES | REQUESTS FOR QUOTATION | ORDER PLACEMENT | CUSTOMER SERVICE

© Bend Tooling Inc., 2008